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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission File Number 001-09553
CBS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
04-2949533
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
51 W. 52nd Street, New York, New York
(Address of principal executive offices)
10019
(Zip Code)
(212) 975-4321
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o    No x
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbols
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value
 
 
CBS.A
 
 
 
New York Stock Exchange
 
Class B Common Stock, $0.001 par value
 
 
CBS
 
 
 
New York Stock Exchange
 
Number of shares of common stock outstanding at April 30, 2019:
Class A Common Stock, par value $.001 per share— 22,858,062
Class B Common Stock, par value $.001 per share— 351,954,458
 




CBS CORPORATION
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
 
 
Page
 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 

- 2-



PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements.
CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited; in millions, except per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Revenues
$
4,167

 
$
3,761

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Operating
2,748

 
2,400

Selling, general and administrative
573

 
524

Depreciation and amortization
53

 
56

Restructuring and other corporate matters (Note 3)
114


9

Gain on sale of assets (Note 1)
(549
)


Total costs and expenses
2,939

 
2,989

Operating income
1,228

 
772

Interest expense
(117
)
 
(118
)
Interest income
14

 
17

Other items, net
(21
)
 
(11
)
Earnings before income taxes and equity in loss of investee companies
1,104

 
660

Benefit (provision) for income taxes
496

 
(135
)
Equity in loss of investee companies, net of tax
(17
)
 
(14
)
Net earnings
$
1,583

 
$
511

 
 
 
 
Basic net earnings per common share
$
4.24


$
1.34

 
 
 
 
Diluted net earnings per common share
$
4.21


$
1.32

 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
373

 
382

Diluted
376


386

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

-3-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited; in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net earnings
$
1,583

 
$
511

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
Cumulative translation adjustments
3

 
(6
)
Amortization of net actuarial loss
14

 
15

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax
17

 
9

Total comprehensive income
$
1,600


$
520

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

-4-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited; in millions, except per share amounts)
 
At
 
At
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
500

 
 
 
$
322

 
Receivables, less allowances of $45 (2019) and $41 (2018)
 
4,147

 
 
 
4,041

 
Programming and other inventory (Note 4)
 
1,533

 
 
 
1,988

 
Prepaid income taxes
 

 
 
 
27

 
Prepaid expenses
 
152

 
 
 
149

 
Other current assets
 
400

 
 
 
225

 
Total current assets
 
6,732

 
 
 
6,752

 
Property and equipment
 
2,963

 
 
 
2,926

 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
1,769

 
 
 
1,717

 
Net property and equipment
 
1,194

 
 
 
1,209

 
Programming and other inventory (Note 4)
 
4,313

 
 
 
3,883

 
Goodwill
 
5,062

 
 
 
4,920

 
Intangible assets
 
2,665

 
 
 
2,638

 
Operating lease assets (Note 12)
 
952

 
 
 

 
Deferred income tax assets, net
 
797

 
 
 
29

 
Other assets
 
2,360

 
 
 
2,395

 
Assets held for sale
 

 
 
 
33

 
Total Assets
 
$
24,075




$
21,859

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY
 


 
 
 


 
Current Liabilities:
 


 
 
 


 
Accounts payable
 
$
273

 
 
 
$
201

 
Accrued compensation
 
197

 
 
 
346

 
Participants’ share and royalties payable
 
1,157

 
 
 
1,177

 
Accrued programming and production costs
 
804

 
 
 
704

 
Income taxes payable
 
299

 
 
 

 
Commercial paper (Note 6)
 

 
 
 
674

 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 
1,762

 
 
 
1,471

 
Total current liabilities
 
4,492

 
 
 
4,573

 
Long-term debt (Note 6)
 
9,358

 
 
 
9,465

 
Pension and postretirement benefit obligations
 
1,377

 
 
 
1,388

 
Deferred income tax liabilities, net
 
538

 
 
 
399

 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities (Note 12)
 
866

 
 
 

 
Other liabilities
 
3,095

 
 
 
3,230

 
 
 


 
 
 


 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
 


 
 
 


 
 
 


 
 
 


 
Stockholders Equity:
 


 
 
 


 
Class A Common Stock, par value $.001 per share; 375 shares authorized;
 23 (2019) and 35 (2018) shares issued
 

 
 
 

 
Class B Common Stock, par value $.001 per share; 5,000 shares authorized;
 851 (2019) and 838 (2018) shares issued
 
1

 
 
 
1

 
Additional paid-in capital
 
43,582

 
 
 
43,637

 
Accumulated deficit
 
(15,442
)
 
 
 
(17,201
)
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (Note 8)
 
(934
)
 
 
 
(775
)
 
 
 
27,207

 
 
 
25,662

 
Less treasury stock, at cost; 500 (2019 and 2018) Class B shares
 
22,858

 
 
 
22,858

 
Total Stockholders Equity
 
4,349

 
 
 
2,804

 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders Equity
 
$
24,075

 
 
 
$
21,859

 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

-5-


CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited; in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
1,583

 
$
511

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash flow provided by operating activities:





Depreciation and amortization
53


56

Deferred tax (benefit) provision
(629
)
 
79

Stock-based compensation
39


44

Equity in loss of investee companies, net of tax and distributions
17


14

Gain on sale of assets
(549
)
 

Change in assets and liabilities, net of investing and financing activities
(76
)

13

Net cash flow provided by operating activities
438


717

Investing Activities:





Investments in and advances to investee companies
(42
)

(40
)
Capital expenditures
(27
)

(30
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(39
)
 

Proceeds from dispositions
741



Other investing activities
2

 
3

Net cash flow provided by (used for) investing activities from continuing operations
635


(67
)
Net cash flow used for investing activities from discontinued operations


(23
)
Net cash flow provided by (used for) investing activities
635


(90
)
Financing Activities:





Repayments of short-term debt borrowings, net
(674
)

(462
)
Proceeds from issuance of senior notes
493

 

Repayment of senior notes
(600
)
 

Payment of capital lease obligations
(3
)

(4
)
Payment of contingent consideration

 
(5
)
Dividends
(70
)

(71
)
Purchase of Company common stock
(14
)

(186
)
Payment of payroll taxes in lieu of issuing shares for stock-based compensation
(37
)

(52
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
11


16

Other financing activities

 
(1
)
Net cash flow used for financing activities
(894
)

(765
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
179


(138
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
(includes $120 (2019) and $0 (2018) of restricted cash)
442


285

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
(includes $121 (2019) and $0 (2018) of restricted cash)
$
621


$
147

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information





Cash paid for interest
$
178

 
$
182

Cash paid for income taxes
$
34

 
$
29

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

-6-


CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited; in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Class A Common Stock:
 
 
 
Balance, beginning and end of period
$

 
$

Class B Common Stock:
 
 
 
Balance, beginning and end of period
1

 
1

Additional Paid-In Capital:
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
43,637

 
43,797

Stock-based compensation
39

 
51

Exercise of stock options
11

 
16

Retirement of treasury stock
(37
)
 
(52
)
Dividends
(68
)
 
(69
)
Balance, end of period
43,582

 
43,743

Accumulated Deficit:
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
(17,201
)
 
(18,900
)
Net earnings
1,583

 
511

Adoption of new revenue recognition standard

 
(261
)
Reclassification of income tax effects of the Tax Reform Act (Note 1)
176

 

Balance, end of period
(15,442
)
 
(18,650
)
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss:
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
(775
)
 
(662
)
Other comprehensive income
17

 
9

Reclassification of income tax effects of the Tax Reform Act (Note 1)
(176
)
 

Balance, end of period
(934
)
 
(653
)
Treasury Stock, at cost:
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
(22,858
)
 
(22,258
)
Class B Common Stock purchased

 
(200
)
Shares paid for tax withholding for stock-based compensation
(37
)
 
(52
)
Retirement of treasury stock
37

 
52

Balance, end of period
(22,858
)
 
(22,458
)
Total Stockholders’ Equity
$
4,349

 
$
1,983

See notes to consolidated financial statements.


-7-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of Business-CBS Corporation (together with its consolidated subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires, the “Company” or “CBS Corp.”) is comprised of the following segments: Entertainment (CBS Television, comprised of the CBS Television Network, CBS Television Studios, and CBS Global Distribution Group; Network 10; CBS Interactive; CBS Sports Network and CBS Films), Cable Networks (Showtime Networks, Pop, and Smithsonian Networks), Publishing (Simon & Schuster) and Local Media (CBS Television Stations and CBS Local Digital Media).

Basis of Presentation-The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the more detailed financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal and recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company for the periods presented. Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

Use of Estimates-The preparation of the Company’s financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Noncurrent Receivables-Noncurrent receivables of $1.55 billion at both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are included in “Other assets” on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets and primarily relate to revenues recognized under long-term television licensing arrangements. Television license fee revenues are recognized at the beginning of the license period in which programs are made available to the licensee for exhibition, while the related cash is collected over the term of the license period.

Deferred Revenues-Deferred revenues are primarily short term and included within “Accrued expenses and other current liabilities” on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Total deferred revenues were $323 million at March 31, 2019 and $274 million at December 31, 2018. The change in deferred revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2019 primarily reflects cash payments received during the period for which the performance obligation was not satisfied prior to the end of the period offset by $107 million of revenues recognized that were included in deferred revenues at December 31, 2018.

Unrecognized Revenues Under Contract-As of March 31, 2019, unrecognized revenue attributable to unsatisfied performance obligations under the Company’s long-term contracts was $3.31 billion, of which $1.56 billion is expected to be recognized for the remainder of 2019, $931 million for 2020, $611 million for 2021, and $199 million thereafter. These amounts only include contracts subject to a guaranteed fixed amount or the guaranteed minimum under variable contracts. Such amounts change on a regular basis as the Company renews existing agreements or enters into new agreements. Unrecognized revenues under contract disclosed above do not include (i) contracts with an original expected term of one year or less, mainly consisting of the Company’s advertising

-8-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

contracts (ii) contracts for which variable consideration is determined based on the customer’s subsequent sale or usage, mainly consisting of affiliate and subscription fee agreements and (iii) long-term licensing agreements for multiple programs for which the Company’s right to invoice corresponds with the value of the programs provided to the customer.

Leases-The Company has operating leases primarily for office space, equipment, transponders and studio facilities and finance leases for satellite transponders and office equipment. The Company determines that a contract contains a lease if it obtains substantially all of the economic benefits of, and the right to direct the use of, an asset identified in the contract. For leases with terms greater than 12 months, the Company records a right-of-use asset and a lease liability representing the present value of future lease payments. The discount rate used to measure the lease asset and liability is determined at the beginning of the lease term using the rate implicit in the lease, if readily determinable, or the Company’s collateralized incremental borrowing rate. For those contracts that include fixed rental payments for both the use of the asset (“lease costs”) as well as for other occupancy or service costs relating to the asset (“non-lease costs”), the Company includes both the lease costs and non-lease costs in the measurement of the lease asset and liability. The Company also owns buildings and production facilities where it leases space to lessees.

The Company’s leases have remaining terms ranging from one to 16 years and often contain renewal options to extend the lease for periods of generally up to five years. For leases that contain renewal options, the Company includes the renewal period in the lease term if it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised. Lease expenses and income are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term, with the exception of variable lease costs, which are expensed as incurred, and leases of assets used in the production of programming, which are capitalized and amortized over the projected useful life of the related programming.

Restricted Cash-Restricted cash of $121 million at March 31, 2019 and $120 million at December 31, 2018 is included within “Other assets” on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets and consists of amounts held in a grantor trust related to the separation and settlement agreement between the Company and the former Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company (see Note 13).

Net Earnings per Common Share-Basic net earnings per share (“EPS”) is based upon net earnings divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the effect of the assumed exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) only in the periods in which such effect would have been dilutive. Excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive, were 10 million stock options and RSUs for each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

The table below presents a reconciliation of weighted average shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted EPS.
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
(in millions)
2019
 
2018
Weighted average shares for basic EPS
373

 
382

Dilutive effect of shares issuable under stock-based compensation plans
3

 
4

Weighted average shares for diluted EPS
376

 
386


Other Liabilities-Other liabilities consist primarily of the noncurrent portion of residual liabilities of previously disposed businesses, participants’ share and royalties payable, program rights obligations, long-term tax liabilities, deferred compensation and other employee benefit accruals.

-9-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Additional Paid-In Capital-For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company recorded dividends of $68 million and $69 million, respectively, as a reduction to additional paid-in capital as the Company had an accumulated deficit balance.

Gain on Sale of Assets-During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company completed the sale of its CBS Television City property and sound stage operation (“CBS Television City”) for $750 million. The Company has guaranteed a specified level of cash flows to be generated by the business during the first five years following the completion of the sale. The Company recorded a liability of $122 million at March 31, 2019 reflecting the present value of the estimated amount payable under the guarantee obligation. This transaction resulted in a gain of $549 million ($386 million, net of tax), which includes a reduction for the guarantee obligation. CBS Television City has been classified as held for sale on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2018.

Acquisition-In March 2019, the Company acquired the remaining 50% interest in Pop, a general entertainment cable network, for $50 million, bringing the Company’s ownership to 100%. The assets acquired primarily consist of goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets. The results of Pop are included in the Cable Networks segment from the date of acquisition.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Leases
During the first quarter of 2019, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) guidance on the accounting for leases, which supersedes previous lease guidance. Under this guidance, for all leases with terms in excess of one year, the Company recognizes on its balance sheet a lease liability and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. The new guidance retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases and the classification criteria is substantially similar to previous guidance. Additionally, the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee have not significantly changed. The Company applied the modified retrospective method of adoption and therefore, results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2019 are presented under the new guidance while prior periods have not been adjusted. As a result of this guidance, the Company recognized right-of-use assets of $952 million and lease liabilities of $1.02 billion for its operating leases on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2019. This guidance did not have an impact on the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Operations. See Note 12 for additional information.

Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
During the first quarter of 2019, the Company adopted FASB guidance that permits an entity to reclassify certain income tax effects of federal tax legislation enacted in December 2017 (the “Tax Reform Act”) on items within accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) to retained earnings. As a result of the Tax Reform Act, in 2017, the Company remeasured its deferred income tax assets and liabilities to reflect the reduction in the federal income tax rate from 35% to 21%. The remeasurement was recognized in net earnings and as a result, the income tax effects of the Tax Reform Act on items within AOCI remained at historical rates (“stranded tax effects”). During the first quarter of 2019, as a result of the adoption of this guidance, the Company elected to reclassify the stranded tax effects of $176 million relating to its pension and postretirement obligations from AOCI to accumulated deficit. This guidance also requires entities to disclose their accounting policy for releasing stranded tax effects, unrelated to the Tax Reform Act, from AOCI. For pension and postretirement benefit plans, the Company releases stranded tax effects from AOCI when the pension and postretirement plans are terminated.

-10-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities
During the first quarter of 2019, the Company adopted FASB amended guidance for hedge accounting, which expands the eligibility of hedging strategies that qualify for hedge accounting, modifies the recognition and presentation of hedges in the financial statements, and changes how companies assess hedge effectiveness. In addition, this guidance amends and expands disclosure requirements. The adoption of this guidance did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
Improvements to Accounting for Costs of Films and License Agreements for Program Materials
In March 2019, the FASB issued guidance on the accounting for costs of films and episodic television series, which aligns the accounting for capitalizing production costs of episodic television series with the guidance for films. As a result, the capitalization of costs incurred to produce episodic television series will no longer be limited to the amount of revenue contracted in the initial market until persuasive evidence of a secondary market exists. In addition, this guidance requires the Company to test for impairment of television series on a title-by-title basis or together with other series as part of a group, based on the predominant monetization strategy of the series. This guidance also removes the requirement to classify all capitalized costs for produced television series as noncurrent on the balance sheet and adds new disclosure requirements relating to costs for produced television series. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance, which is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted.

Collaborative Arrangements: Clarifying the Interaction with the New Revenue Standard

In November 2018, the FASB issued guidance to clarify that certain transactions between parties to collaborative arrangements should be accounted for in accordance with FASB revenue guidance when the counterparty is a customer. This guidance also prohibits the presentation of collaborative arrangements as revenues from contracts with customers if the counterparty is not a customer. This guidance, which is required to be applied retrospectively and is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted, is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a Service Contract
In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance on the accounting for implementation costs of a cloud computing arrangement that is considered to be a service contract. This guidance requires companies to follow the guidance for capitalizing costs associated with internal-use software to determine which costs to capitalize in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract. The guidance also specifies the financial statement presentation for capitalized implementation costs and the related amortization, as well as required financial statement disclosures. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance, which is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted.

Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans
In August 2018, the FASB issued amended guidance that eliminates, adds and clarifies certain disclosure requirements for defined benefit pension or other postretirement plans. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance, which is required to be applied retrospectively and is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted.


-11-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurements
In August 2018, the FASB issued amended guidance that eliminates, adds and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. This guidance, which is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted, is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
2) STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The following table summarizes the Company’s stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
RSUs and PSUs
$
33

 
$
38

Stock options
6

 
6

Stock-based compensation expense, before income taxes
39

 
44

Related tax benefit
(9
)
 
(11
)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of tax benefit
$
30

 
$
33


During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company granted 3 million RSUs for CBS Corp. Class B Common Stock with a weighted average per unit grant-date fair value of $50.91. RSUs granted during the first quarter of 2019 generally vest over a one- to four-year service period. Compensation expense for RSUs is determined based upon the market price of the shares underlying the awards on the date of grant. For certain RSU awards the number of shares an employee earns ranges from 0% to 120% of the target award, based on the outcome of established performance conditions. Compensation expense is recorded based on the probable outcome of the performance conditions.

Total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested RSUs at March 31, 2019 was $261 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.0 years. Total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock option awards at March 31, 2019 was $24 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.3 years.
3) RESTRUCTURING AND OTHER CORPORATE MATTERS
During the first quarter of 2019, the Company initiated a restructuring plan under which severance payments will be provided to certain eligible employees who voluntarily elected to participate. The Company also implemented additional restructuring plans during the first quarter of 2019 across several of its businesses in connection with a continued effort to reduce its cost structure. As a result, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $108 million, reflecting $98 million of severance costs and $10 million of costs associated with exiting contractual obligations and other related costs.

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $67 million, reflecting $57 million of severance costs and $10 million of costs associated with exiting contractual obligations and other related costs. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $63 million, reflecting $54 million of severance costs and $9 million of costs associated with exiting contractual obligations and other related costs.


-12-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

As of March 31, 2019, the cumulative settlements for the 2019, 2018 and 2017 restructuring charges were $89 million, of which $79 million was for severance costs and $10 million was for costs associated with contractual obligations and other related costs. The Company expects to substantially utilize its restructuring reserves by the end of 2020.
 
Balance at
 
2019
 
2019
 
Balance at
 
December 31, 2018
 
Charges
 
Settlements
 
March 31, 2019
Entertainment
 
$
31

 
 
 
$
48

 
 
 
$
(10
)
 
 
 
$
69

 
Cable Networks
 

 
 
 
5

 
 
 

 
 
 
5

 
Publishing
 
2

 
 
 
5

 
 
 

 
 
 
7

 
Local Media
 
23

 
 
 
28

 
 
 
(5
)
 
 
 
46

 
Corporate
 
12

 
 
 
22

 
 
 
(12
)
 
 
 
22

 
Total
 
$
68

 
 
 
$
108

 
 
 
$
(27
)
 
 
 
$
149

 

 
Balance at
 
2018
 
2018
 
Balance at
 
December 31, 2017
 
Charges
 
Settlements
 
December 31, 2018
Entertainment
 
$
39

 
 
 
$
27

 
 
 
$
(35
)
 
 
 
$
31

 
Publishing
 
3

 
 
 
1

 
 
 
(2
)
 
 
 
2

 
Local Media
 
11

 
 
 
18

 
 
 
(6
)
 
 
 
23

 
Corporate
 
2

 
 
 
21

 
 
 
(11
)
 
 
 
12

 
Total
 
$
55

 
 
 
$
67

 
 
 
$
(54
)
 
 
 
$
68

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded expenses of $6 million primarily for costs associated with legal proceedings involving the Company (see Note 13). During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded professional fees of $9 million related to the evaluation of a potential combination with Viacom Inc.
4) PROGRAMMING AND OTHER INVENTORY
 
At
 
At
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Acquired program rights
 
$
2,014

 
 
 
$
2,400

 
Acquired television library
 
99

 
 
 
99

 
Internally produced programming:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Released
 
2,843

 
 
 
2,477

 
In process and other
 
827

 
 
 
839

 
Publishing, primarily finished goods
 
63

 
 
 
56

 
Total programming and other inventory
 
5,846

 
 
 
5,871

 
Less current portion
 
1,533

 
 
 
1,988

 
Total noncurrent programming and other inventory
 
$
4,313

 
 
 
$
3,883

 


5) RELATED PARTIES
National Amusements, Inc. National Amusements, Inc. (“NAI”) is the controlling stockholder of CBS Corp. and Viacom Inc. Mr. Sumner M. Redstone, the controlling stockholder, chairman of the board of directors and chief executive officer of NAI, is the Chairman Emeritus of CBS Corp. and the Chairman Emeritus of Viacom Inc. In addition, Ms. Shari Redstone, Mr. Sumner M. Redstone’s daughter, is the president and a director of NAI and the vice chair of the Board of Directors of each of CBS Corp. and Viacom Inc. At March 31, 2019, NAI directly or indirectly owned approximately 78.6% of CBS Corp.’s voting Class A Common Stock, and owned approximately

-13-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

10.4% of CBS Corp.’s Class A Common Stock and non-voting Class B Common Stock on a combined basis. NAI is controlled by Mr. Redstone through the Sumner M. Redstone National Amusements Trust (the “SMR Trust”), which owns 80% of the voting interest of NAI, and such voting interest of NAI held by the SMR Trust is voted solely by Mr. Redstone until his incapacity or death. The SMR Trust provides that in the event of Mr. Redstone’s death or incapacity, voting control of the NAI voting interest held by the SMR Trust will pass to seven trustees, who will include CBS Corporation director Ms. Shari Redstone. No member of the Company’s management is a trustee of the SMR Trust.

Viacom Inc. As part of its normal course of business, the Company licenses its television content, leases production facilities and sells advertising spots to various subsidiaries of Viacom Inc. Viacom Inc. also distributes certain of the Company’s television programs in the home entertainment market. The Company’s total revenues from these transactions were $12 million and $19 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The Company leases production facilities, licenses feature films and purchases advertising spots from various subsidiaries of Viacom Inc. The total amounts for these transactions were $10 million and $6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The following table presents the amounts due from Viacom Inc. in the normal course of business as reflected on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Amounts due to Viacom Inc. were minimal at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
 
At
 
At
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Receivables
 
$
36

 
 
 
$
38

 
Other assets (Receivables, noncurrent)
 
19

 
 
 
23

 
Total amounts due from Viacom
 
$
55

 
 
 
$
61

 

Other Related Parties. The Company has equity interests in a domestic television network and several international joint ventures for television channels from which the Company earns revenues primarily by licensing its television programming. In addition, the Company held a 50% equity interest in Pop, a general entertainment cable network. In March 2019, the Company acquired the remaining 50% interest in Pop for $50 million, bringing the Company’s ownership to 100%. Total revenues earned from sales to these joint ventures were $45 million and $31 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, total amounts due from these joint ventures were $37 million and $34 million, respectively.

The Company, through the normal course of business, is involved in transactions with other related parties that have not been material in any of the periods presented.

-14-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

6) BANK FINANCING AND DEBT
The following table sets forth the Company’s debt.

At
 
At

March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Commercial paper

$




$
674


Senior debt (2.30% - 7.875% due 2019 - 2045) (a)

9,328




9,435


Obligations under finance leases

41




43


Total debt

9,369




10,152


Less commercial paper





674


Less current portion of long-term debt

11




13


Total long-term debt, net of current portion

$
9,358




$
9,465



(a) At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the senior debt balances included (i) a net unamortized discount of $61 million and $58 million, respectively, (ii) unamortized deferred financing costs of $45 million and $43 million, respectively, and (iii) a decrease in the carrying value of the debt relating to previously settled fair value hedges of $7 million and $5 million, respectively. The face value of the Company’s senior debt was $9.44 billion and $9.54 billion at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

In March 2019, the Company issued $500 million of 4.20% senior notes due 2029. The Company used the net proceeds from this issuance in the redemption of its $600 million outstanding 2.30% senior notes due August 2019.

Commercial Paper
At December 31, 2018, the Company had $674 million of outstanding commercial paper borrowings under its $2.5 billion commercial paper program at a weighted average interest rate of 3.02% and with maturities of less than 60 days. There were no outstanding commercial paper borrowings at March 31, 2019.

Credit Facility
At March 31, 2019, the Company had a $2.5 billion revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) which expires in June 2021. The Credit Facility requires the Company to maintain a maximum Consolidated Leverage Ratio of 4.5x at the end of each quarter as further described in the Credit Facility. At March 31, 2019, the Company’s Consolidated Leverage Ratio was approximately 2.9x.

The Consolidated Leverage Ratio is the ratio of the Company’s indebtedness from continuing operations, adjusted to exclude certain finance lease obligations, at the end of a quarter, to the Company’s Consolidated EBITDA for the trailing four consecutive quarters. Consolidated EBITDA is defined in the Credit Facility as operating income plus interest income and before depreciation, amortization and certain other noncash items.

The Credit Facility is used for general corporate purposes. At March 31, 2019, the Company had no borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facility and the remaining availability under the Credit Facility, net of outstanding letters of credit, was $2.49 billion.

-15-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

7) PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS
The components of net periodic cost for the Company’s pension and postretirement benefit plans were as follows:
 
Pension Benefits
 
Postretirement Benefits
Three Months Ended March 31,
2019

2018

2019

2018
Components of net periodic cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
7

 
$
8

 
$

 
$

Interest cost
39

 
37

 
4

 
4

Expected return on plan assets
(38
)
 
(45
)
 

 

Amortization of actuarial loss (gain) (a)
23

 
24

 
(5
)
 
(5
)
Net periodic cost
$
31

 
$
24

 
$
(1
)
 
$
(1
)

(a) Reflects amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to net earnings.
The service cost component of net periodic cost is presented on the Consolidated Statements of Operations within operating income and all other components of net periodic cost are presented within “Other items, net.”
8) STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
During the first quarter of 2019, the Company declared a quarterly cash dividend of $.18 per share on its Class A and Class B Common Stock, resulting in total dividends of $68 million, which were paid on April 1, 2019.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following tables summarize the changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss.
 
Cumulative
Translation
Adjustments
 
Net Actuarial
Loss and Prior
Service Cost
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
At December 31, 2018
$
133

 
$
(908
)
 
 
$
(775
)
 
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
3

 

 
 
3

 
Reclassifications to net earnings

 
14

(a) 
 
14

 
Other comprehensive income
3

 
14


 
17

 
Tax effects reclassified to accumulated deficit

 
(176
)
(b) 
 
(176
)
 
At March 31, 2019
$
136

 
$
(1,070
)

 
$
(934
)
 

 
Cumulative
Translation
Adjustments
 
Net Actuarial
Loss and Prior
Service Cost
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
At December 31, 2017
$
159

 
$
(821
)
 
 
$
(662
)
 
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications
(6
)
 

 
 
(6
)
 
Reclassifications to net earnings

 
15

(a) 
 
15

 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
(6
)
 
15

 
 
9

 
At March 31, 2018
$
153

 
$
(806
)
 
 
$
(653
)
 
(a)
Reflects amortization of net actuarial losses (see Note 7). Amounts are net of tax benefits of $4 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
(b)
Reflects the reclassification of certain income tax effects of the Tax Reform Act on items within accumulated other comprehensive loss to accumulated deficit upon the adoption of new FASB guidance (see Note 1).

-16-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

9) INCOME TAXES
The benefit (provision) for income taxes represents federal, state and local, and foreign income taxes on earnings before income taxes and equity in loss of investee companies.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019

2018
Provision for income taxes before discrete items
$
(112
)
 
$
(134
)
Tax benefit from transfer of assets (a)
768

 

Provision for gain on sale of assets (b)
(163
)
 

Other discrete items
3


(1
)
Benefit (provision) for income taxes
$
496


$
(135
)
Effective income tax rate
(44.9
)%

20.5
%
(a) Reflects a deferred tax benefit resulting from the transfer of intangible assets between subsidiaries of the Company in connection with a reorganization of the Company’s international operations. The related deferred tax asset is primarily expected to be realized over the next 25 years.
(b) Reflects the tax provision from the gain on the sale of CBS Television City.

In January 2019, the U.S. government issued guidance relating to the one-time transition tax on cumulative foreign earnings and profits required by the Tax Reform Act. This guidance resulted in a decrease of $146 million to the Company’s reserve for uncertain tax positions during the three months ended March 31, 2019 for amounts payable in 2019 as a result of this guidance; however, it did not have a material impact on the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Operations.
10) FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company’s carrying value of financial instruments approximates fair value, except for notes and debentures, which are not recorded at fair value. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the carrying value of the Company’s senior debt was $9.33 billion and $9.43 billion, respectively, and the fair value, which is estimated based on quoted market prices for similar liabilities (Level 2) and includes accrued interest, was $9.75 billion and $9.48 billion, respectively.

The Company uses derivative financial instruments primarily to modify its exposure to market risks from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. The Company does not use derivative instruments unless there is an underlying exposure and, therefore, the Company does not hold or enter into derivative financial instruments for speculative trading purposes.

Foreign Exchange Contracts

Foreign exchange forward contracts have principally been used to hedge projected cash flows, in currencies such as the British Pound, the Euro, the Canadian Dollar and the Australian Dollar, generally for periods up to 24 months. The Company designates forward contracts used to hedge committed and forecasted foreign currency transactions as cash flow hedges. Gains or losses on the effective portion of designated cash flow hedges are initially recorded in other comprehensive income and reclassified to the statement of operations when the hedged item is recognized. Additionally, the Company enters into non-designated forward contracts to hedge non-U.S. dollar denominated cash flows.


-17-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the notional amount of all foreign exchange contracts was $347 million and $325 million, respectively.

Losses recognized on derivative financial instruments were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Financial Statement Account
Non-designated foreign exchange contracts
$
(1
)
 
$
(4
)
Other items, net

The fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments was not material to the Consolidated Balance Sheets for any of the periods presented.

The following tables set forth the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. These assets and liabilities have been categorized according to the three-level fair value hierarchy established by the FASB, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. Level 1 is based on publicly quoted prices for the asset or liability in active markets. Level 2 is based on inputs that are observable other than quoted market prices in active markets, such as quoted prices for the asset or liability in inactive markets or quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities. Level 3 is based on unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
At March 31, 2019
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency hedges
$

 
$
11

 
$

 
$
11

Total Assets
$

 
$
11

 
$

 
$
11

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation
$

 
$
340

 
$

 
$
340

Foreign currency hedges

 
1

 

 
1

Total Liabilities
$

 
$
341

 
$

 
$
341

At December 31, 2018
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency hedges
$

 
$
15

 
$

 
$
15

Total Assets
$

 
$
15

 
$

 
$
15

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation
$

 
$
336

 
$

 
$
336

Foreign currency hedges

 
1

 

 
1

Total Liabilities
$

 
$
337

 
$

 
$
337


The fair value of foreign currency hedges is determined based on the present value of future cash flows using observable inputs including foreign currency exchange rates. The fair value of deferred compensation liabilities is determined based on the fair value of the investments elected by employees.

-18-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

11) SEGMENT AND REVENUE INFORMATION
The following tables set forth the Company’s financial information by reportable segment. The Company’s operating segments, which are the same as its reportable segments, have been determined in accordance with the Company’s internal management structure, which is organized based upon products and services.

Three Months Ended

March 31,

2019
 
2018
Revenues:





Entertainment
$
3,176


$
2,753

Cable Networks
552


571

Publishing
164


160

Local Media
457

 
415

Corporate/Eliminations
(182
)

(138
)
Total Revenues
$
4,167


$
3,761


Revenues generated between segments primarily reflect advertising sales, content licensing and station affiliation fees. These transactions are recorded at market value as if the sales were to third parties and are eliminated in consolidation.
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Intercompany Revenues:
 
 
 
Entertainment
$
183

 
$
139

Cable Networks
1

 

Local Media
5

 
5

Total Intercompany Revenues
$
189

 
$
144



-19-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

The Company presents operating income (loss) excluding costs for restructuring and other corporate matters and gain on sale of assets, each where applicable, (“Segment Operating Income”) as the primary measure of profit and loss for its operating segments in accordance with FASB guidance for segment reporting. The Company believes the presentation of Segment Operating Income is relevant and useful for investors because it allows investors to view segment performance in a manner similar to the primary method used by the Company’s management and enhances their ability to understand the Company’s operating performance.
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Segment Operating Income (Loss):
 
 
 
Entertainment
$
530

 
$
486

Cable Networks
175

 
236

Publishing
17

 
16

Local Media
138

 
118

Corporate
(67
)
 
(75
)
Restructuring and other corporate matters
(114
)
 
(9
)
Gain on sale of assets
549

 

Operating income
1,228


772

Interest expense
(117
)
 
(118
)
Interest income
14

 
17

Other items, net
(21
)
 
(11
)
Earnings before income taxes and equity in loss of investee companies
1,104

 
660

Benefit (provision) for income taxes
496

 
(135
)
Equity in loss of investee companies, net of tax
(17
)
 
(14
)
Net earnings
$
1,583

 
$
511

 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Depreciation and Amortization:
 
 
 
Entertainment
$
30


$
31

Cable Networks